Over time, pharmacology has undergone changes. Pharmacology, which was once a field of study that focused on the overt effects of biologically active compounds, today investigates the molecular mechanisms through which medications have an impact on the body. Pharmacology, in its broadest sense, is the study of how chemicals, both natural and artificial (i.e., drugs), interact with biological systems.
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Earlier, it was said that pharmacology is the study of how chemical substances, both natural and artificial, affect biological systems. This includes research on the chemical makeup, biological processes, physiological and behavioural impacts, mechanisms of action, and both therapeutic and non-therapeutic applications of pharmaceuticals. Pharmacological research might look into the impact of chemicals on subcellular, systemic, physiological, or behavioural processes, or it can concentrate on the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of diseases, as well as the possible risks associated with pesticides and herbicides.
Because it integrates information and abilities from a variety of basic science fields, such as physiology, biochemistry, and cell and molecular biology, pharmacology is frequently referred to as a “bridge science.” Such knowledge can be “translated” by pharmacologists into the logical creation of treatments. Because of their broad background, pharmacologists can provide a distinctive viewpoint when addressing issues with drugs, hormones, and chemicals.
The interdisciplinary nature of the field offers pharmacologists a variety of research opportunities not found in other fields of scientific inquiry. It is this flexibility as well as the potential for the practical application of research that attracts people into becoming pharmacologists.
Pharmacology can be of 5 types –
Pharmacokinetics refers to what the body does with the drug after it is used.
Pharmacodynamics deals with the biochemical and physical effects of drugs & how they work.
Pharmacotherapeutics is the use of drugs to prevent and treat diseases.
Pharmacognosy is the study of natural resources of drugs (plants, animals, etc).
Toxicology refers to the study of poisons.
What does Pharmacologists do?
Pharmacologists’ jobs in the sector also involve conducting extensive studies on potential new pharmaceuticals before they are approved for usage in patients. Before a doctor can effectively forecast the effects of a medicine on patients and their potential toxicity to humans in general, they must make careful observations of a drug’s effects on all systems and organs of laboratory animals. The effects of medications on humans are not tested by the pharmacologist themselves; this is done only after extensive experiments on animals, which are typically carried out by doctors to ascertain the therapeutic efficacy of new drugs. The routine control and standardisation of pharmacological items, as well as their potency and purity, require ongoing testing. You can also get biostatistics assignment help from top assignment experts.
Pharmacology is a subject highly in demand especially in the modern date for with time medical science is reaching new heights with which usage of drugs for both prevention and treatment of diseases is witnessing a paradigm change. All the details about the subject is given in the article.
About the author –
Zinia Gomez a professor is serving students via MyAssignmenthelp.com for several years. She is very well known for her various articles addressing different pharmacy science issues, published in national journals.