- 1 What is referred to as sinusitis?
- 2 Who gets affected by sinusitis?
- 3 The signs that can indicate sinusitis infection:
- 4 What might be the possible causative factors for sinusitis?
- 5 Is sinusitis contagious?
- 6 What are the different types of sinusitis?
- 7 Viral vs bacterial sinusitis:
- 8 When sinus infection becomes worse?
- 9 How can you prevent sinusitis?
- 10 Outlook of the condition:
What is referred to as sinusitis?
Sinusitis is when the tissue that lines the sinuses gets inflamed or swells up. The sinuses are paired up with four cavities (spaces) in the head. Narrow channels link them together. The mucus from the sinuses drains out of the nose through small tubes. This draining helps the nose stay clean and free of germs. Sinuses usually have air in them but can get blocked and fill up with fluid. This lets bacteria grow, which can lead to an infection (bacterial sinusitis).
This is also called rhinosinusitis, where “rhino” is the Greek word for “nose.” When sinus tissue is inflamed, the nasal tissue is almost always swollen.
Who gets affected by sinusitis?
Anyone can get a sinus infection. Sinusitis is more likely to happen to people with nasal allergies, nasal polyps, asthma, or noses that aren’t built right. You may also get sinus infections more often if you smoke. Reach out to a sinus specialist in Coimbatore if you are dealing with sinusitis issues.
The signs that can indicate sinusitis infection:
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of sinusitis are:
- Post nasal drip
- Nasal discharge
- Pressure on your face (especially around your nose, eyes, and forehead), a headache, or pain in your teeth or ears.
- Bad breath
What might be the possible causative factors for sinusitis?
Sinusitis can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus that causes the sinuses to swell and become blocked. Some of the specific reasons are:
- Common cold
- Nasal allergies and seasonal allergies, such as mold allergies.
- A nose that is deviated. The cartilage that splits your nose in half is called the septum. If your septum has deviated, it’s not straight, so it’s closer to the nasal passage on one side of your nose. It can be hard to breathe because of this.
- A weak immune system from being sick or taking certain medicines.
Sinusitis could be more likely in babies and young children who spend time in daycares or use pacifiers or bottles while lying down.
Sinus infections are more likely to happen to adults who smoke. Those who smoke should stop. It isn’t good for you and the people around you to smoke.
Is sinusitis contagious?
You can’t give someone bacterial sinusitis, but you can give them sinusitis-causing viruses. Remember to wash your hands, stay away from people when you’re sick, and sneeze or cough into your elbow if you have to. In general the sinus infection treatment involves medications, surgery depending on the cause of sinusitis.
What are the different types of sinusitis?
Acute bacterial infection:
This term refers to sudden cold symptoms like a runny nose, a stuffy nose, and facial pain that won’t go away after 10 days. It also refers to symptoms that seem to get better but come back worse than before. This is called “double sickening.” Antibiotics and decongestants work well on it.
This is a term for a condition that lasts at least 12 weeks and is marked by a stuffy nose, drainage, facial pain or pressure, and a decreased sense of smell.
Viral vs bacterial sinusitis:
An infection can cause sinusitis with either bacteria or viruses. The only way to be sure what is causing your symptoms is to take a sample from the inside of your nose and grow a culture.
Most of the time, doctors tell patients to wait seven to ten days before seeing a doctor. This is how long it would take for a virus, like a cold, to leave your body on its own.
When sinus infection becomes worse?
Even though it doesn’t happen very often, sinus infections can sometimes spread to other body parts if they aren’t treated.
If the infection gets to the eyes, it can make them red, swell up, and make it hard to see. Cavernous sinus thrombosis is very rare, but it can cause blindness. This kind of infection needs to be treated with antibiotics through an IV, and you may need to stay in the hospital and get a CT scan to see if the fluid needs to be drained.
If the sinus infection spreads to the head, it can cause life-threatening conditions like meningitis or a brain abscess. To find out more about sinus infections or to make an appointment with an experienced ear, nose, and throat doctor,
How can you prevent sinusitis?
Some home remedies used to treat the symptoms of sinusitis may also help keep sinusitis from happening. Some of these are rinsing your nose with salt water and taking medicines like allergy pills or steroid nasal sprays that your doctor may recommend.
You should avoid things that make you sick, like dust, pollen, or smoke, and try to stay away from sick people. Washing your hands will make you less likely to get a cold or the flu.
Outlook of the condition:
Sinusitis can be a serious problem when not treated properly. As the signs begin, it is important to visit ENT specialists in Coimbatore to avoid major complications.