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Radioembolization (Y-90) in Cancer Treatment
Radioembolization (Yttrium-90) is very similar to chemoembolization but with the use of radioactive microspheres. This treatment incorporates the radioactive isotope Yttrium-90 into the embolic spheres to deliver radiation directly to the tumor. Radioembolization uses fewer CT scans and does not carry the same risks associated with chemotherapy, like bleeding and infection, meaning it can be used more frequently.
What is radioembolization?
Radioembolization uses a radioactive material called Yttrium-90 to kill cancer cells. The process is similar to chemoembolization, but with the use of radioactive microspheres. This treatment incorporates the radioactive isotope Yttrium-90 into the embolic spheres to deliver radiation directly to the tumor. The procedure is performed through a catheter that goes from inside your body and up into your bloodstream.
How does radioembolization work?
Radioembolization is a minimally invasive procedure, which means that the patient does not need to be admitted to the hospital for treatment. A catheter is inserted into the femoral artery and guided through the blood vessels to reach the tumor site or blocked artery. After embolic particles are injected at the obstruction, a CT scan is used to confirm complete embolization. This whole process takes only about an hour and can be done on an outpatient basis with little discomfort or side effects.
What are the benefits of radioembolization?
Radioembolization is a technique that uses embolic spheres, loaded with radioactive material, to deliver targeted radiation therapy to cancer cells. This treatment is very similar to chemoembolization, but with the use of radioactive microspheres. The benefits are that no surgery or incisions are necessary and there’s less risk of permanent side effects because the radiation is delivered directly to the tumor. It also offers a more convenient treatment option for those who cannot tolerate more invasive procedures. As a result, many patients will experience reduced pain, better function, and improved quality of life post-radioembolization Y-90 Alamogordo.
Who is a candidate for radioembolization?
Radioembolization is most often used to treat liver tumors because the main portal for blood flow is near the liver. It can also be used for tumors in other locations that have a good blood supply such as the pancreas or lungs. The treatment is most commonly used on patients with unresectable tumors, who are not candidates for surgery. Radiotherapy after embolization has been shown to improve the local tumor control rate. Additionally, it has been noted that radioembolization does not appear to increase morbidity in comparison to chemoembolization and may even decrease it. With radiation therapy following the embolic procedure, there was a median survival of 50 months and 10% of patients survived beyond 60 months. There is evidence that this type of treatment improves overall survival rates as well but there needs to be more research done before conclusive statements can be made.
What are the side effects of radioembolization?
Radioembolization Y-90 Alamogordo has been shown to be an effective alternative to traditional radiation therapy. The treatment is minimally invasive and typically causes fewer side effects than treatments like chemoembolization. However, it can still cause some uncomfortable side effects, such as nausea or vomiting. Patients may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, dizziness, or weakness. If you are considering this form of cancer treatment make sure you discuss the possible side effects with your doctor beforehand so that you can have a better understanding of what might happen.
How can I get more information about radioembolization?
If you have been diagnosed with cancer and are considering your treatment options, please call us at the Alamogordo Radiological Center. We can answer any questions you might have about radioembolization and help you decide if it is right for you. If you would like to read more about our services, please visit our website. You will find a comprehensive list of treatments available to fight cancer including what they involve, their success rates, and their risks.