There are several reasons for male infertility such as varicoceles, retrograde ejaculation, immunologic infertility, low-quality sperm, hormonal issues, azoospermia, and low sperm production. Let’s understand the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.
What is the Diagnosis of Male Infertility?
The diagnosis of male infertility involves a physical examination, semen analysis, transrectal ultrasound, testicular biopsy, and others. Let’s understand each one of the diagnosis processes.
Your male infertility specialist can help do your physical examination. In this examination, your specialist can get information about reproductive system, low hormone levels, and other fertility problems. Under the guidance of a male infertility doctor in Lucknow, you can get a personalised treatment plan.
With the help of Semen analysis, you will understand whether sperm are functioning well or not. The test is also done to analyse sperm number and their shape. Sperm is collected through masturbation into a sterile cup. The semen sample is then analyse in the lab.
This ultrasound provides your infertility specialist about the structure of ejaculatory duct. Through this ultrasound, you can find out whether seminal vesicles are poorly formed or blocked.
During a testicular biopsy, a small cut is made in the scrotum and a needle through the numbed scrotal skin. A small piece of tissue from each testicle is removed with this process.
Other than this hormonal profiles are also helpful in analysing the cause of male infertility.
What are the Treatments for Male Infertility?
There are several treatments for male infertility. Such as non-surgical therapy, surgical therapy, and treatment for unknown causes of male infertility. Let’s discuss what are the treatments for male infertility.
IVF (In-vitro fertilization)
With the help of IVF (In vitro fertilization) you can conceive a baby even if you are facing male infertility. During In-Vitro Fertilization egg and sperm are fertilised in a specific temperature. This improves the chances of a successful pregnancy. Under the guidance of successful IVF treatment in Lucknow, you can conceive a healthy baby and make your fatherhood journey better.
IUI (Intrauterine Insemination)
Under the Intrauterine Insemination process, the sperm is inserted into the female partner’s uterus through a tube. IUI is helpful in conditions like low sperm count, poor sperm mobility, retrograde ejaculation, or other causes of infertility.
TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction)
In conditions like azoospermia, sperm are taken from the testicle and cryopreserved for further process. Another form of TESE is microTESE in which a microscope is used to identify small areas of sperm production in the testicles of men who have low sperm count.
PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)
During this process a procedure is performed by a male infertility specialist if a person is facing azoosperma and after this process sperm are used for IVF or ICSI treatment.
MESA (Microepididymal Sperm Aspiration)
This process is for men who have epididymal obstruction. MESA helps in retrieving high amounts of motile sperm.
It is necessary to understand the method of diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. This will help in making an informed decision. The diagnosis of male infertility involves physical examination, semen analysis, Transrectal Ultrasound, testicular biopsy, and hormonal levels test. There are multiple treatments related to IVF (In vitro fertilization), Intrauterine Insemination, Testicular Sperm Extraction, Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration, and non-surgical therapy such as medications and hormonal injections for unknown causes of male infertility.
It is necessary to follow medications prescribed by your infertility specialist. To reduce the risk of male infertility you should follow a healthy lifestyle. Eat a balanced diet, regular exercise, prioritize your sleep, reduce your stress, and more for improving your fertility.